My latest baking obsession has been cookies. Most especially, shortbread cookies! A fan of persnickety recipes (for some reason), I love the delicacy of shortbread. It’s actually a very simple recipe, it only requires some patience. What’s especially nice about this simple treat is how easy it is to add spells and magical ingredients.
Shortbread dates back to at least the 12th century, originating as leftover yeast bread roll dough, sweetened and spiced, that was twice-baked to a hard round. Eventually, butter replaced the yeast, and the first published recipe for the kind of cookie we’re used to was in 1736 in ‘Mrs. McLintock’s Receipts for Cookery and Pastry-Work.’ This recipe likely used oat flour and was more biscuit-like than we’re used to.
Queen Mary of Scots is credited with refining and popularizing shortbread, adding caraway seeds for flavor.
Now the basic modern shortbread recipe is pretty simple. Butter, sugar, and flour. My favorite recipe uses confectioners’ (powdered) sugar, a bit of vanilla extract, and some salt if you are using unsalted butter.
Check out the recipe here https://www.marthastewart.com/332945/shortbread-cookies
Now what about making spelled cookies?
Note: Something I like to do when I am making magical food is to light a candle during the whole process. It sets up a sacred space for myself. I usually use a simple, unscented white jar candle that will last a long time. When I am not actively working on the food, like if the cookie dough is chilling overnight, I will snuff it out, but re-light it whenever I’m back to it.
Now, then. The really important part here is to consider both your intention as well as taste. Shortbread is a light flavor with a tender bite, so do not overwhelm it with a variety of new ingredients.
Here are some flavor options that would be popular. Use culinary grade herbs/spices, and DO NOT use essential oils. If using flavor extracts, make sure they are pure and actually contain the natural ingredient.
So for a good combination example, the spice trio of ginger, cinnamon, and nutmeg would be especially Healing, strengthened by the ginger.
An example of one using fruit would be these Cranberry Orange Shortbread cookies. https://www.momontimeout.com/cranberry-orange-shortbread-cookies-recipe/ This combo with the almond extract is great for enhancing loving relationships, passion and courage in all endeavors, and healing.
On top of adding herbs, spices, or fruit, you can also boost your intentions with the right shapes or indented marks. Again, intent is what matters here. If you are creating a protection spell, then choose a design that makes you think of that. It could be simple – circle-shaped, because the shield you are building is an orb. Maybe you are wanting to share love and affection, so a heart shape is classic. A solid, rectangular brick shape might be perfect for a grounding cookie after a ritual. You could also carefully draw sigils or runes on the precut dough after it’s been placed on the cookie sheet.
There are many excellent sigil-makers on the internet if you want something custom to your needs. Otherwise there are many premade sigils and bind-runes to be found. The more information you can find on a symbol before using it, the better. If you can see why each mark was made, you can feel more confident in using it for your spell.
An example of nicely defined and explained bind-runes is here https://www.imsteppingaside.com/?p=1002
Video on making your own bind rune: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rpAr5CGUnGA
One guide to designing your own sigils: http://sigildaily.com/activating-rituals/
There are excellent cookie-cutter makers on Etsy if you want to have one made with your design, if you plan on making them regularly (or for something special).
If you don’t want to mark the cookies directly, you can write it out on a small bit of paper and let it burn in the oven, or over the stove by your candle, while the cookies bake.
Now once those cookies are just barely done and not browned, and set out to cool off the baking sheet, you can add your own energy and blessing. Here, again, it is up to you to determine what feels correct for the situation. There are so many prayers for blessing food out there, from a wide variety of Neo Pagan methods to traditional Christian to any culture you are from. You can use visualization techniques to draw in energy into the cookies, and create a protective shield around them.
Even how to you present your cookies can work into the spell. Wrapping them in certain colors, including some special flowers, or a written note or poem. It’s the whole package, and you can go as elaborate as feel correct to you.
Here is one of the cookie packages I made for last year’s holiday season to give out to neighbors. I wanted something homey and comfortable, not too showy. Also made sure to include all ingredients in my note. Hope to see what you create!
Editor Note: This lovely piece is being given away on our Facebook page at https://facebook.com/DIYPagan
Hello! My name is Gekkou and I’m an eclectic pagan with largely Wiccan leanings. I’m also a fiber artist, and earlier this year I was asked to make a decorative doily-type-thing for an altar. I’m going to talk about the process of making it and my thoughts as I went along.
It’s crocheted using mostly cotton crochet thread that I was given as part of a de-stash (for the non-fiber-obsessed: de-stashing is getting rid of some or all of your fiber ‘stash’), along with some random soft white stuff that came in an anonymous ball and that I suspect is high-end wool. Mostly my choice of supplies was driven by thrift – what can I make with what I have on hand? If I had decided to purchase supplies, I likely would have gone with more vibrant, jewel-tone colors, but it was interesting to see how this turned out.
For my theme, I decided to go with the five elements typical in Wicca and elsewhere – Air, Fire, Water, Earth, and Spirit. These also have traditionally-associated colors, and I matched these as closely as I could to what was available – yellow Air, red Fire, light blue Water, grass green Earth, and white Spirit. I assigned crochet thread to the first four, and the soft white possibly-wool to Spirit, thinking of the light, intangible aspect of this element.
The center star was the only part of this design that I used a pattern for, and it can be found on Raverly (link: https://www.ravelry.com/patterns/library/holey-star). I didn’t follow it exactly, but did something very similar. In my coven’s tradition we assign particular elements to the points of the pentacle, and I arranged them accordingly here. I don’t often work with crochet thread, and it was challenging to work with such a small slippery piece initially. Patience required!
I knew that I wanted to surround the pentacle with a pentagon. In order to do so, I’d need to increase only at the points of the star, while also ensuring that I had the right amount of stitches along the sides. Too few and it would turn into a bowl; too many and it would ruffle. This involved a lot of trial and error and ripping back to start over, especially in the inner rounds.
I used the tan crochet thread as a sort of boundary to delineate the sections. Once I’d framed the pentacle, I had to decide on the order of the colors. Eventually I settled on an order that seemed to reflect the physical world: first there is earth, with water upon it, then warmth (fire) that you feel in the air. You might also switch the order to have fire in the center, representing the magma beneath the earth.
As I worked with the colors, I found myself applying additional meaning to them. The bright green was similar to the new leaves as we moved towards spring. The paleness of the blue put me in mind of the icy chill of the waters in the PNW where I live, and the frost that still occasionally covered the ground in the February mornings.
Once I figured out the amount of stitches that I needed for the first round of the pentagon, applying the increases at the corners became easier. The rounds were worked in double crochet, and to accentuate the corners I did one triple crochet around the front of the post (link: http://www.redheart.com/how-to/articles/ultimate-guide-crochet-post-stitches). This created a raised line at each corner, leading to the center. Everything leads to the center…
Then I faced my next (self-imposed) challenge: I didn’t want the finished piece to be pentagonal, just the center. So I had to figure out a way to round out the shape somehow. Another border of tan comprised of single crochet over chains and double crochet, and I went on to Spirit.
It was interesting transitioning from the slippery crochet thread to the more grippy possibly-wool, and that outside edge also took a lot of ripping back and re-doing to figure out (thankfully the yarn was forgiving). I wanted it nice and thick, like an atmosphere around a planet, and I made it in four rows: small single crochet, stout half-double crochet, taller double crochet, and even taller triple crochet. This made the inside row dense, and the outside row lighter – although this was Spirit, I was still thinking of the atmosphere and how the oxygen thins out the higher you get. Given the linguistic similarities between spirit and breath (inspire, etc.) it wasn’t too much of a stretch.
When I finished working up the piece, it was time to block it. Blocking is, very simply, the process of wetting fibers and arranging and securing the project so that when it dries it stays the way you want it to (ahaha. ideally). I was a bit worried as I went into it, as even with all the ripping and re-doing it was still rippling and curling around itself, as pieces like this are wont to do. And there’s a saying…if you’re hoping you can fix it with blocking, you probably can’t. However, the fiber gods smiled upon me, and when I unpinned it from my foam blocking piece it stayed flat! Some of the white edging has a bit of a ruffle, but it’s easily smoothed over.
I hope you enjoyed this foray into my creative process, and maybe are inspired to create something of your own. There’s something special about handmade altar pieces, regardless of skill level – something about the amount of yourself involved in the item’s becoming, perhaps. It’s called Craft for a reason…
Sorry we’ve been quiet, but we have a number of projects in the works that we will be publishing in the next few months! We thought it would be good to give you a glimpse, and hear back from you on what else you want to see over the next season or so!
1. Athames! Ritual knives for both the ceremonial and practical aspects of witchcraft. From a blacksmithing class to make-it-special-on-a-budget methods of creating your own athame.
2. Altar cloths! Make or buy? How an altar cloth can be the centerpoint in which you build an altar of specific purpose.
3. Budget altars! Watch us assemble an altar on a few low budgets, using found and recycled items, and some thrift purchases.
4. Using animal parts – ethics, laws and practicalities.
5. Polymer Clay – making your own statues, offering bowls, and so forth, is easy with this bake at home product, but how do you feel about using man-made materials?
Ever had an evening when you just really needed some witch time, but there was nothing special going on that day?
In related news, we designed an ad hoc Cleansing Ritual using stuff we had in the kitchen! Hurrah for kitchen witchery! We are all about practical forms of practice. You do not need expensive tools, special ingredients, or occult rituals. You can create your own magic by will and practicality. You apply your magic to everything you do, no matter how mundane or small.
It was a great, intimate experience and felt very bonding; not just the ritual itself with water being poured over our naked bodies under the sky, but planning it as well. We sat in the living room and chatted about how we were feeling the need for some ceremony, but it was late Sunday night so everything is closed, the moon was neither full nor new, and no online searches revealed an uncommon pagan bit of importance to the day. It was just a random evening with a good friend at their place.
We had two very large jars, in which we brewed a strong sage and mint tea with a quartz crystal in the water while seeping. We also added salt, which plays another role later. We filtered it through a coffee filter (admittedly first we thought a thin hand cloth would be fine, but it took too long).
As the tea cooled, we planned the rest of the ritual. Being outdoors felt right. We would do our own short version of a quarter call inside first, with the full jars on the altar (that we built on the coffee table with what was on hand). Then we would get our fingers wet with a bowl of fresh water (hand painted by my friend), then rub salt over our hands and rinse them in the water. Then outdoors, nude, for the finale, before coming back in and closing the circle.
The quarter call was amusing and genuine. I haven’t been to that many rituals yet, whereas my friend had a great deal of experience. So our improvised lines for each quarter reflected that, but it was joyful and open-hearted. We talked a little about each direction and it’s meanings, including how that pertained to our journey in this rite. Air, inspiration and intellect. Fire, the passion and will to make it happen. Earth, the stubborn strength to see it through. Water, the emotion and meaning behind it all.
We also shared our private thoughts on why a cleansing felt healthy for us individually at this time. I had a wish to release a lot of impatience on my part, and ask the Lord and Lady to help keep my head on my shoulders when it came to adding projects to my list. I imagine they had a chuckle.
Stepping out into the cold of a Pacific Northwest February evening, in the semi privacy of the dark backyard, I felt very alive with purpose, if also a bit giggly. We hadn’t needed anything dramatic or elaborate; just us and a little help from the spice cabinet and we were making our own magic.
We decided we would pour the herbal water over each other one at a time, rather than on ourselves at once. We felt like priestesses blessing one another. The water was warm and smelled green and felt wonderful streaming down our bodies in the chill air. It was a precious moment to share together.
Have you ever created a little ritual of your own for no special purpose other than your own calling to it? Isn’t it beautiful how we can create magic with very little?
We’ll post a more elaborate article on Witches’ Balls later, but for the meantime, I wanted to show these ones I made as gifts. Witches’ Balls are like little ornamental spells or prayers. Based on the combination of items inside, it casts out your intentions into the recipients’ environment.
These can be an excellent way to remind yourself of your intentions for the coming year. Create a ball that speaks to you and your needs – be realistic, and don’t overburden yourself with weighty goals. Place the ornament somewhere you will see it daily. Reflect on what the contents mean, and use it as a meditation guide.
I made these with the help of my 11 year old stepdaughter, so this can be a great family project.
Ingredients included cinnamon and tourmaline, which work well together; lavender; fir; rowan berries; cloves; and mustard seeds. The overall hope is for a healthy, positive home, rich and enduring family relations, and personal clarity.
The people who received them were not all pagans, but found them very beautiful. My stepdaughter remarked that they should open them up once just to smell the contents, which were just divine!
Today I’m making a big wreath to hang on the front of our house for Yule. First of all, I want to complain a little about my husband B teasing me for often saying “reef” because my Arizona drawl comes out now and then. He’s just a butt.
Anyhow, not content with a normal, store bought wreath, I went a bit wild and collected all kinds of plants, dried fruits, and spices for this project. I’ll go into the spiritual meanings behind all these supplies, and show you how to make your own! Feel free to jump ahead if you want to get right to the crafting
Many of these items I found online, often on Etsy. Some from local craft stores. A few things, like fresh fir boughs, I could get from my local garden shop (Branches in Federal Way), or my own backyard. The fruit I dried myself. I did pick up some fake red holly berries and some dried lavender, but I ended up not using them.
Juniper has been part of a purification incense for homes in preparation for Beltane. It is an herb of health and healing, a ward against disease and negative energies.
Fir is a sacred tree of life and can grant access to great wisdom.
Another tree of life is Cedar, which has been used to scent sacrifices and fumigate temples. It is connected to Odin and sanctifies magical objects. It is said to attract fortune and drive away negativity.
Lemon leaves (and rind) are often used in love spells; particularly of a sort to help people get over a past relationship and find new love. The leaves are noted for reflecting back the evil eye.
Boxwood (or Box) is particularly powerful for animal magic. Adding this herb extends your spell’s workings to include any pets and livestock.
Magnolia has a special affinity for the Wheel of Fortune tarot card. The scent of magnolia flowers or oil can help one when studying that particular card. The leaves are a symbol of lasting health and permanence.
The lotus is associated with The Hanged Man tarot card, and is sacred to beings that move between the worlds. It protects, it purifies, and consecrates any place it is set, especially as incense. It is well revered throughout the Middle and Far East.
I talked about oranges in my last post about garlands, mentioning that they were “made using an electric dehydrator, though you can also use an oven at a very low temp with the door cracked open. They are a fruit of love and fertility, and a just reward for victories. They strengthen seekers of quests.”
I also mentioned cinnamon, “a symbol of love, and tied to The Lovers tarot card, as well as being a visionary and purifying substance. It has been used as incense in temples even in ancient China. Wearing cinnamon can inspire good fortune, concentration, and correct mindset for ritual work.”
Star Anise is “also used as a temple incense. It is excellent for invoking your chosen deities while dispelling negative energies. It is connected to the tarot card of The Fool, in his joyous trust of the now. This can even bring peace to those nearing death.”
So let’s get started finally!
I used a 24″ metal wreath form I bought at Michael’s (<$5), but you aren’t limited to that. Grapevine wreaths are great for an all natural look, or there are foam circles, but I find them a bit cumbersome, though you can wrap them in ribbon and it can look very pretty. You may be able to find a base wreath to use at thrift shops, though you may have to remove the glitzy decorations to “Paganize” it. Your call!
Begin by gathering your materials and trimming them into usable small-medium branches, and stacking them in as tidy of piles as you can. Having everything prepped ahead of time helps a lot, but if you want to dive right in, just expect lots of pausing to cut.
For the base I’m using fir, cedar, boxwood, and lemon leaves.
Take your form, and attach some floral wire sturdily (I used a thin gauge for ease of movement). There’s no special art or technique to this. You will be placing small bundles on the form, wrapping wire around it, then moving to the next overlapping bundle. The wire doesn’t get cut till the very end. It’s a pretty streamlined process.
So gather up your first artistic bundle. As you can see, my arrangement is not overly large for the size of my form, but will cover it. Don’t worry about being too big, as you can trim it later. Here I have layered fir branches with juniper and cedar.
Wrap the wire a couple times around for security, tucking underneath the bit you want above the wire to hide it, then on to the next bundle. My next bundle adds the lemon leaves. There isn’t a special method, you really just go with what appeals to you and feel balanced.
You can choose to make each bundle identical, or mix up the pattern in a way that pleases you aesthetically. I plan on making an asymmetrical arrangement, with the pomegranates, oranges, and lotus pods clustered to one side.
You can always go back and add more after you’ve completed the circle, if you think an area is lacking.
Connecting the ends together is easier than it looks, and by the time you’ve reached it, you will have a good sense of how to tuck the ends under the first bundle neatly. Cut the wire leaving a few inches, and secure it well.
Take the time now to tidy up your workstation. Put away the plants you are done with, clean up the space, and then bring out the decorations. In my case, I am using pomegranates, oranges, lotus pods, magnolia leaves, cinnamon sticks, and star anise.
You will want a hot glue gun to attach your decorations. Again, you may be entirely symmetrical, you can go minimalist, load it up wildly, or do something asymmetrical (my choice). It’s your darn wreath and you get to do whatever appeals to your aesthetic!
Don’t glue right away. Lay them out in their places, take a picture, study it a bit and rearrange to your taste before you heat up the glue gun.
The magnolia leaves (dark green and waxy) get tucked in here and there to add fullness, and fill in any gaps. It’s easier to use the smaller ones, cause they get really big. I have a bunch of large ones left over, so we’re going to have to do some spellwork or something with those!
Finally, I added some star anise in random spots that felt a little unadorned and bare, as well as the center of the most prominent orange slice.
If you make a wreath, please show me! I’d love to see what other people come up with.
For Yule, I’m decorating my house in garlands of cranberries, dried orange slices, cinnamon sticks, and star anise, and making a wreath that I will post on next. There is also a pine cone garland, I’ll talk about that briefly at the end. This is not only a nice old fashioned and natural way to deck the halls, it smells nice, and has some lovely magical properties to brighten the season.
Cranberries have an interesting and familiar bit of Finnish lore to them. The maiden goddess Marjatta ate a cranberry and by doing so, conceived a child. She was sent away in disgrace for bearing a fatherless child. Homeless, she gave birth in a stable. Fortunately, the baby is adopted by Väinämöinen, son of the father of oceans and an air goddess, hero of many Finnish legends. Cranberries were regularly used to decorate trees for Yule, as they keep and dry well on a cord and retain their bright color.
My orange slices I dried using a technique mentioned below. They are a fruit of love and fertility, and a just reward for victories. They strengthen seekers of quests.
Cinnamon is also a symbol of love, and tied to The Lovers tarot card, as well as being a visionary and purifying substance. It has been used as incense in temples even in ancient China. Wearing cinnamon can inspire good fortune, concentration, and correct mindset for ritual work.
Star anise is also used as a temple incense. It is excellent for invoking your chosen deities while dispelling negative energies. It is connected to the tarot card of The Fool, in his joyous trust of the now. This can even bring peace to those nearing death.
The string I used is a cotton embroidery thread, because I wanted durability. The color matters a little, as there are invariably some gaps here and there when they are strung up. Stick with 100% cotton or non-mercerized material – basically, something that would break apart if ingested by an animal or small child. You will also need a needle large enough for your thread (in my case, since I opted for a thicker string than your standard sewing thread, I used an embroidery needle and a needle threader).
I bought two standard packages of fresh cranberries, and only used about half of each because I was cherry picking the best ones for the garland. That amount got me the 4′ multi-item strand, and about 9′ of straight cranberry garland. They go far. I used them straight out of the bag, but you can rinse and dry them first if you prefer.
I dried out about 4 navel oranges’ worth of slices (the peel on the unused ends can be used for other purposes), but for a garland one is enough. You can also use Mandarin oranges if you prefer smaller slices. I just wanted them for extra projects since they will keep. Slice them thinly and evenly, about 1/4″-1/3″ thick (you can see I wasn’t precise about this, do better than me), so they dry out completely. Put them in a dehydrator for 135° (or per machine instructions) and check then every two hours until they are done (or be lazy like me and just leave then overnight). A second method of drying is to use the oven on a very low temperature with the door cracked to let out moisture.
You can find less expensive whole star anise and cinnamon sticks at ethnic grocery stores, bulk natural food stores, and of course, online. Depending on the pattern you end up going with, you may not need very many. I only used star anise on the ends, for example.
To begin, plan out the space you will be hanging the garland. You want to measure out the length of string, and add a couple feet if you are tying in cinnamon sticks and star anise. Its better to be a bit too long and need to trim, but in worst case, you can tie on extra string and hide the knot inside a cranberry. Length does mean dealing with all that cord while your stringing your materials, so be methodical so you don’t get tangled up. Work out tangles gently, use the tip of your needle to pry knots open.
Decide on a pattern. I used: 5 cranberries, 1 cinnamon, 5 cranberries, 1 cinnamon, 1 orange, 1 cinnamon, and repeat.
Start with a loop wide enough for whatever you might be planning to attach it to. This is also something you can fix post production if you absolutely have to, but it’s a pain and doesn’t usually look as tidy. Then just below the loop’s knot, I like to start with a star anise. I don’t know why but it’s become tradition for me to have them at each end. You want to wrap string around a couple times at different angles to get between different points in the star, them double knotting it for security.
Thread your needle, and you can bring a lot of the excess string through to shorten the length the cranberries have to go. Just let it out as needed. Firm cranberries work best. Be careful running them down the thread! Too fast or without care can cause the string to saw right through them.
Tying the cinnamon sticks is the most tiresome part for me, but they add so much in terms of aesthetic and scent that they are worth the effort. I do one tie on them just to get them in place, and hold them there with one finger while trying the second knot to secure it. Sometimes it still isn’t taunt enough so I do a second loop and double knot. It doesn’t need to be super tight if you can’t manage it. One option is to add a drop of hot glue to really make sure it stays. Depends how “all natural” you want to go.
When you reach the end, tie on another star anise, and make a loop. Trim excess. The garland does not need any topcoat or protective spray – left hanging it will dry nicely, so long as the environment is not humid.
I also made one of just cranberries to hang across the window. Even my stepdaughter (11) was able to string a few of them with ease.
Now you may have noticed a pine cone garland as well. I did not make that myself, as I could not find access to pine cones I could gather. I would have to buy them anyhow, so I bought a premade garland. But if you have pine cones and want to do it yourself, you can check out one method of doing so at The Magic Onions: How to Make a Pinecone Garland.
This year for the holidays, I wanted to especially focus on Yule. Now, a number of events are connected to the Yuletide season and the Yule Feast: the Winter Solstice, the Roman Saturnalia, and of course, Christmas. Here I’ll go over the basics, and we’ll follow up with some crafts detailing specific parts.
Yuletide specifically comes from the Germanic people of Northern Europe. It was a celebration during the Wild Hunt, a period lasting from mid-November to early January (a time of storms and unpredictable weather), when the fae, supernatural beings, even the dead, would come out in great numbers to parade in hunting parties through the woods or across the sky. There are variations of the Wild Hunt all throughout Europe, with different deities and passed-on local historical figures of note as the leaders of the party. Some of the more recognizable of those would be Odin, Wodun, Fionn mac Cumhaill, King Author, and the Devil.
Modern Wicca tend to attribute leadership of the hunt to the serious Greek goddess Hecate, patron of crossroads, ghosts, sorcery, and entrances (and a whole lot else). She is a protective goddess, one that could bestow blessings on the family house that worshiped her.
We have our good friend Jacob Grimm, German folklorist, to thank for much of what we understand about the old winter traditions. He supposed that before Christianity, the Wild Hunt was when these otherworldly beings would come and bring good tidings and fortune to the people of Earth, but after Christianity was introduced, the tales about it turned it into a darker, more devilish phenomenon. Even glimpsing this darker gathering was a portend of doom, war, and death.
So let’s stick with the original idea, which is still full of notable trickery. In Germany, for example, if one came across the Wilde Jagd, if you weren’t immediately snatched up or killed, you had a few options. Opposing the hunters would mean death, but if you helped the hunt along, you would be rewarded – yet can we ever trust a gift of the fae? If they gave you a portion of the hunt, it would invariably be cursed and you’d be stuck with it forever till you managed to find someone capable of removing the bane. So you should ask for salt, which the revenue cannot supply, and somehow this makes them take it back (I’m unclear on the particulars of this etiquette). The wisest choice seems to be standing in the very middle of the road and just waiting for them to pass.
Midwinter was very much a serious time, when the world was getting dangerous and the gods and the undead (Draugr) were about. In Old Norse, one name for the gods was “Yule-Beings.” The most important business deals and marriages were brokered, and it was an auspicious time for oaths.
There are many new ideas for ways to celebrate the Wild Hunt, including races through the woods at night. Most of us are more likely to focus on the Yule Feast itself, which is a three day celebration starting on the Winter Solstice. From this, we eventually, though Christianization, get our modern Christmas.
However, modern Christmas doesn’t look very much like Odin’s Yule, which was a time of increased supernatural activity and when the dead were closest to the living. All sorts of domesticated animals would be slaughtered, the sacrificial blood spread over the altars and worshipers, and the meats cooked and devoured, along with great quantities of ale. Toasts would be made to the gods Odin, Freyr, and Njörðr , the dearly departed, and in general for prosperity and good harvests. There was usually gift-giving, but it was usually of practical items, like lamps and wax apples to keep out the dark.
In modern times, we recognize Yule as the period of twelve days after the Winter Solstice. Neopaganism usually celebrates with a meal and gift-giving. While old-school traditional meats such as boar and goat are rarely used, you can see resemblances in the Christmas ham or beef roast.
We take further traditions from the Roman Saturnalia, a seven day festival to the sun god Saturn. This time of merrymaking and gift-giving even included special privileges for slaves, and the opportunity to enjoy otherwise forbidden activities such as gambling.
What are some ways you celebrate the winter holidays?
Written by Lori Evans Dec 2017